Wednesday, January 30, 2008

Creating Excel (XLS) from Delphi


const
CXlsBof: array[0..5] of Word = ($809, 8, 00, $10, 0, 0);
CXlsEof: array[0..1] of Word = ($0A, 00);
CXlsLabel: array[0..5] of Word = ($204, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
CXlsNumber: array[0..4] of Word = ($203, 14, 0, 0, 0);
CXlsRk: array[0..4] of Word = ($27E, 10, 0, 0, 0);

procedure XlsBeginStream(XlsStream: TStream; const BuildNumber: Word);
begin
CXlsBof[4] := BuildNumber;
XlsStream.WriteBuffer(CXlsBof, SizeOf(CXlsBof));
end;

procedure XlsEndStream(XlsStream: TStream);
begin
XlsStream.WriteBuffer(CXlsEof, SizeOf(CXlsEof));
end;

procedure XlsWriteCellRk(XlsStream: TStream; const ACol, ARow: Word; const AValue: Integer);
var
V: Integer;
begin
CXlsRk[2] := ARow;
CXlsRk[3] := ACol;
XlsStream.WriteBuffer(CXlsRk, SizeOf(CXlsRk));
V := (AValue shl 2) or 2;
XlsStream.WriteBuffer(V, 4);
end;

procedure XlsWriteCellNumber(XlsStream: TStream; const ACol, ARow: Word; const AValue: Double);
begin
CXlsNumber[2] := ARow;
CXlsNumber[3] := ACol;
XlsStream.WriteBuffer(CXlsNumber, SizeOf(CXlsNumber));
XlsStream.WriteBuffer(AValue, 8);
end;

procedure XlsWriteCellLabel(XlsStream: TStream; const ACol, ARow: Word; const AValue: string);
var
L: Word;
begin
L := Length(AValue);
CXlsLabel[1] := 8 + L;
CXlsLabel[2] := ARow;
CXlsLabel[3] := ACol;
CXlsLabel[5] := L;
XlsStream.WriteBuffer(CXlsLabel, SizeOf(CXlsLabel));
XlsStream.WriteBuffer(Pointer(AValue)^, L);
end;

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
var
FStream: TFileStream;
I, J: Integer;
begin
FStream := TFileStream.Create('J:\e.xls', fmCreate);
try
XlsBeginStream(FStream, 0);
for I := 0 to 99 do
for J := 0 to 99 do
begin
XlsWriteCellNumber(FStream, I, J, 34.34);
// XlsWriteCellRk(FStream, I, J, 3434);
// XlsWriteCellLabel(FStream, I, J, Format('Cell: %d,%d', [I, J]));
end;
XlsEndStream(FStream);
finally
FStream.Free;
end;
end;

6 comments:

chope07 said...

Great!

This is what I am looking for. I'll try this one.

Thanks!

Anonymous said...

Due to unicode support in Delphi 2009 the XlsWriteCellLabel function should use AnsiString instead of String.
Otherwise the document becomes corrupt an all kinds of chars start to appear in the cells.

Other than that, perfect piece of code that came in handy! :)

Anonymous said...

Tolle Proceduren vielen dank dafür.
ist genau das was ich gesucht habe.
sehr schnell und gut.

KIRAN said...

Ich konnte nicht verstehen, Deutsch, aber ich weiß, dass Sie liked it!

Anonymous said...

This is what i'm looking for so long. I move the constants to initialized variables and it works great.
Many Thanks for the post.

Davor said...

If you want to use it in unicode just add L := Length(AValue)*SizeOf(Char); in XlsWriteCellLabel procedure